Now declassified & available online! Russian Quantum Leap technology enhances RNA, DNA & health, cures diseases (e.g. diabetes, cancer 2), stops TI targeting.
By Alfred Lambremont Webre
WATCH QUANTUM LEAP PANEL INTERVIEW
Now declassified & available online! Russian Quantum Leap technology enhances RNA, DNA & health, cures diseases (e.g. diabetes, cancer 2), stops TI targeting.
By Alfred Lambremont Webre
WATCH QUANTUM LEAP PANEL INTERVIEW
Competing with the US during the Arms Race, the Soviet Union put extensive effort in unconventional research seeking to outflank its rival in understanding behavior control, remote influencing and parapsychology, a new survey has revealed.
The survey published by Cornell University Library is based on open scientific and journalistic materials and provides an overview of unconventional research in the USSR and then in its successor, Russia, in the period between 1917 and 2003 – as compared to the USA.
The report by Serge Kernbach showed that unconventional weapons took the scientists in both countries to areas bordering sci-fi which nowadays would be seen in TV programs featuring UFOs, the supernatural and superpowers.
Due the Iron Curtain, Soviet and American scientists knew little about each other’s secret work – still, they focused on same themes.
In the Soviet Union, among the areas of particular interest, were, for instance, “the impact of weak and strong electromagnetic emission on biological objects, quantum entanglement in macroscopic systems, nonlocal signal transmission based on the Aharonov-Bohm effect, and ‘human operator’ phenomena,” the survey says.
Soviet scientists were developing a field they dubbed “psychotronics.” The country spent between $0.5-1 billion on research of the phenomena, Kernbach who works, at the Research Center of Advanced Robotics and Environmental Science in Stuttgart, Germany, found out.
Some of the programs in psychotronic research – even those launched decades ago – have not been officially published.
“For instance, documents on experiments performed in OGPU and NKVD – even 80 years after – still remain classified,” Kernbach noted. The OGPU (Joint State Political Directorate) was the Soviet secret police and the NKVD (The People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs) was the main law enforcing body, which was later transformed into the Internal Ministry and a security organization which was part of it – into the KGB.
According to the survey, Soviet and American areas of interest often mirrored each other. In particular, Kernbach recalls the Central Intelligence Agency’s (CIA) scandalous human research program MKUltra which involved the use of various methods to manipulate an individual’s mental states and alter brain functions.
“As mentioned in the public documents, the program to some extent was motivated by the corresponding NKVD’s program, with similar strategies of using psychotropic (e.g. drugs) substances and technical equipment,” Kernbach said.
In the 60s and the 70s, the Soviet Union was actively researching the influence of electromagnetic fields on human physiological and psychological conditions. Several authors point to the application of research results in the form of new weapons in the USA and the Soviet Union.
“Over the past years, US researchers have confirmed the possibility of affecting functions of the nervous system by weak electromagnetic fields (EMFs), as it was previously said by Soviet researchers. EMFs may cause acoustic hallucination (’radiosound’) and reduce the sensitivity of humans and animals to some other stimuli, to change the activity of the brain (especially the hypothalamus and the cortex), to break the processes of formation processing and information storage in the brain. These nonspecific changes in the central nervous system can serve as a basis for studying the possibilities of the direct influence of EMFs on specific functions of CNS,” read an article in Nauka (Science) magazine in 1982.
Kernbach’s analysis lacks details on practical results of unconventional research in the USSR.
He mentions though a device invented by Anatoly Beridze-Stakhovsky – the torsion generator ‘Cerpan’. The exact structure of the device is unknown, as the scientist feared it would be put to unethical uses. Cerpan was designed on the “shape effect” produced by torsion fields. Some sources claim that the device – a 7-kilo metal cylinder – was used to heal people, including Kremlin senior officials.
Kernbach’s overview of unconventional research in USSR and Russia suggests that following the collapse of the USSR in 1991, these programs were first reduced and then completely closed in 2003.
“Due to academic and non-academic researchers, the instrumental psychotronics, denoted sometimes as torsionics, still continue to grow, but we cannot speak about government programs in Russia any longer,” he said.
However, based on the number of participants at major conferences, the number of psychotronics researchers in Russia is estimated between 200 and 500, the report said.
Last year, the now-fired Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov said his ministry was working on futuristic weaponry.
“The development of weaponry based on new physics principles; direct-energy weapons, geophysical weapons, wave-energy weapons, genetic weapons, psychotronic weapons, etc., is part of the state arms procurement program for 2011-2020,” Serdyukov said at a meeting with the then Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, cited RIA Novosti.
That followed a series of Putin’s presidential campaign articles, one of which focused on national security guarantees. Speaking about new challenges that Russia may face, and which armed forces should be ready to respond to, he wrote:
“Space-based systems and IT tools, especially in cyberspace, will play a great, if not decisive role in armed conflicts. In a more remote future, weapon systems that use different physical principles will be created (beam, geophysical, wave, genetic, psychophysical and other types of weapons). All this will provide fundamentally new instruments for achieving political and strategic goals in addition to nuclear weapons.”
Summer 2011 White TV got the hint from the Swedish Secret Service, that scalar waves are used in mind control. The victims, targeted individuals (t i) complain, that nothing is shielding against the radiation attacks (tin foiled hats) and that they can be targeted in high altitudes ore far beneath the ground in caves. This already indicates, that they are not targeted with electromagnetic waves, but another kind of wave.
Soon the contact was made to the leading scalar wave researcher, Prof. Konstantin Meyl, teacher and researcher in physics at a university in southern Germany. Because of the more than 100 years on-going cover up against scalar waves, he decided 1999 to construct an experimental kit, that shows how Nicola Tesla worked in the late 1890-ies to detect scalar waves, which are longitudinal waves, not transversal, as the electromagnetic waves.
This kit has been sold to more than 1 000 researchers all over the world, opening their eyes, that other interesting types of waves exist.
Prof. Meyl, the Nikola Tesla of today, shows not only the difference between the electromagnetic waves (Heinrich Hertz 1888) and the scalar waves (Nikola Tesla 1897), but also different and more convenient ways to apply them.
1. scalar waves propagate with different speed, sometimes much quicker than the speed of light,
2. scalar waves can transport wireless electricity
3. scalar waves can have huge over unity effect by collecting neutrinos (free energy)
4. a scalar wave transmitter realizes directly, if the receiver is in resonance
5. no shields against scalar wave
6. scalar waves do not decay in the distance, you can send them through the earth to the other side
Technical and medical improvements:
1. cell phones only using scalar waves do not emit electro smog and have one dimension more to modulate information both on the frequency and the wavelength; computers run by scalar waves have much better efficiency than even quantum computers
2. wireless transportation of electric energy without losses; cell phones, electric cars, motors etc. need no battery, they can be charged through the air while running without pollution
3. scalar waves are able to transmit medical information to the body in a positive context (bio resonance/frequency medicine, ie. Bicom, Oberon, Scio) or negative: mind control and remote killing
4. DNA and cell communications can be physically explained
5. free energy devices collecting neutrinos can be built
Finally it has to be noticed, that Prof. Meyl detected a third kind of wave, the magnetic scalar wave, which is biological relevant. So there are three different kind of waves: the electromagnetic (Hertz), the electric scalar wave (Tesla) and the magnetic scalar wave (Meyl).
REPORT ON RF SCANNING IN A SHIELDED ENVIRONMENT
ICAACT Phase III Testing
ICAACT is an Independent evidence gathering Non Profit Human Rights Organization.
This report details the findings of the ICAACT phase III testing procedure. The ICAACT Phase III testing is about testing the human body for RF (Radio Frequency) emission, in a shielded environment. A Faraday cage was utilized to conduct the testing. The shielding spectrum of the environment was rated to be effective between 9KHz and 18GHz. The Faraday cage was certified in December of 2011 and was less than a year old when the tests were conducted. All tests were conducted inside the shielded environment also referred to as a Faraday cage.
Our intentions are to share our findings in hopes that it will lead to further investigations within the scientific, medical, and forensic communities around the world.
Video of the scanning of Mr. Magnus Olsson (Director of EUCACH) from Sweden.
Download the report in PDF format
Download the zip file containing documents referred to in the appendices
Context of the report
Human electronic implant technologies are not new, they have been in existence since the early 50’s. The use of implant technology has in recent years also gained interest outside the medical and scientific community and has now become tools of interest in many newly emerging commercial fields. They can provide real-time data from real life scenarios, rather than from the restrictive and in many cases limiting artificial scenarios that can be recreated in laboratory and clinical settings. There is a boom in commercially driven neuroscience research like marketing and consumer behavior. The social sciences and especially the behavioral sciences are having a “Field day”. The ethical and legal implications that arise from these implant technologies, and their commercialization, are as yet unsolved, and need urgent attention. These implications pertain to tampering with the innermost sacred sanctum of a human being, the mind.
This show, with the original title “Control mental. El sueño dorado de los dueños del mundo” (Mind control. The golden dream of the world’s masters) — broadcasted to some 10 million people — was one of the biggest victories for victims of implant technologies so far. Thanks to Magnus Olsson, who, despite being victimized himself, worked hard for several years to expose one the biggest human rights abuses of our times – connecting people against their will and knowledge to computers via implants of the size of a few nanometers – leading to a complete destruction of not only their lives and health, but also personalities and identities.
Very few people are aware of the actual link between neuroscience, cybernetics, artificial intelligence, neuro-chips, transhumanism, the science cyborg, robotics, somatic surveillance, behavior control, the thought police and human enhancement.
They all go hand in hand, and never in our history before, has this issue been as important as it is now.
One reason is that this technology, that begun to develop in the early 1950s is by now very advanced but the public is unaware of it and it goes completely unregulated. There is also a complete amnesia about its early development, as Lars Drudgaard of ICAACT, mentioned in one of his interviews last year. The CIA funded experiments on people without consent through leading universities and by hiring prominent neuroscientists of that time. These experiments have since the 50s been brutal, destroying every aspect of a person’s life, while hiding behind curtains of National Security and secrecy but also behind psychiatry diagnosis.
The second is that its backside –mind reading, thought police, surveillance, pre-crime, behavior modification, control of citizen’s behavior; tastes, dreams, feelings and wishes; identities; personalities and not to mention the ability to torture and kill anyone from a distance — is completely ignored. All the important ethical issues dealing with the most special aspects of being a free human being living a full human life are completely dismissed. The praise of the machine in these discourses dealing with not only transhumanism ideals but also neuroscience today has a cost and that is complete disrespect, despise and underestimation of human beings, at least when it comes to their bodies, abilities and biological functions. The brain is though seen as the only valuable thing; not just because of its complexity and mysteries, but also because it can create consciousness and awareness. We’re prone to diseases, we die, we make irrational decisions, we’re inconsistent, and we need someone to look up to. In a radio interview on Swedish “Filosofiska rummet” entitled “Me and my new brain” (Jag och min nya hjärna), neuroscientist Martin Ingvar referred to the human body as a “bad frame for the brain”. Questions about individual free will and personal identity were discussed and the point of view of Martin Ingvar was very much in line with José Delgado’s some 60 years ago, and its buried history of mind control: we don’t really have any choice, we’re not really having a free will or for that matter any consistent personality. This would be enough reason to change humans to whatever someone else wishes. For example, an elite.
Another reason for why this issue dealing with brain implants is important of course is the fact that both the US and the EU pour billions of dollars and euros in brain research every single year, a brain research very focused on not only understanding the brain, but also highly focused on merging human beings with machines; using neuro-implants to correct behavior and enhance intelligence; creating robots and other machines that think and make autonomous intelligent decisions — just like humans do.
Ray Kurzweil, who’s predictions about future technological developments have been correct at least until now, claims that in 20 years, implant-technology has advanced that far that humanity has been completely transformed by it. We cannot know right now whether he’s prediction is right or wrong, but we have the right to decide on the kind of future we want. I do not know if eradicating humanity as we know it is the best future or the only alternative. Today, we might still have a choice.
Something to think about: Can you research the depths of the human brain on mice?
Copyright Carmen Lupan
After studying the chemical interactions that allow short-term learning and memorization in rats, a group of scientists lead by Dr. Theodore Berger—from the University of South California’s Viterbi School of Engineering—have built a prosthetic chip that uses electrodes to enhance and expand their memory abilities. The chip is capable of storing neural signals, basically functioning as an electronic memory, allowing rats to learn more and keep it in the devices.
Dr. Berger’s description is almost frightening:
“Flip the switch on, and the rats remember. Flip it off, and the rats forget […] These integrated experimental modeling studies show for the first time that with sufficient information about the neural coding of memories, a neural prosthesis capable of real-time identification and manipulation of the encoding process can restore and even enhance cognitive mnemonic processes.
The team’s experiments—which have been in a paper called “A Cortical Neural Prosthesis for Restoring and Enhancing Memory”—could lead to the development of devices that may help people affected by Alzheimer’s disease, stroke or other brain injuries. In fact, they are already working on the next step: Reproduce the same result in monkeys.A
As someone who has had family affected by Alzheimer and other diseases, I really hope they succeed. As someone who would like to have the entire IMDB in his brain, I really hope they succeed too.
Original: [PR Newswire]
Telegraph.co.uk Monday 01 April 2013
By: Nick Collins
Scientists have created a “sixth sense” by creating a brain implant through which infrared light can be detected.
Although the light could not be seen lab rats were able to detect it via electrodes in the part of the brain responsible for their sense of touch.
Similar devices have previously been used to make up for lost capabilities, for example giving paralysed patients the ability to move a cursor around the screen with their thoughts.
But the new study, by researchers from Duke University in North Carolina, is the first case in which such devices have been used to give an animal a completely new sense.
Dr Miguel Nicolelis said the advance, reported in the Nature Communications journal this week, was just a prelude to a major breakthrough on a “brain-to-brain interface” which will be announced in another paper next month.
Speaking at the annual meeting of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science in Boston on Sunday, he described the mystery work as something “no one has dreamed could be done”.
The second paper is being kept secret until it is published but Dr Nicolelis’s comments raise the prospect of an implant which could allow one animal’s brain to interact directly with another.
In the first study, rats wore an infrared detector on their head which was connected to electrodes in the part of their brain which governs touch.
When one of three ultraviolet light sources in their cage was switched on, the rats initially began rubbing their whiskers, indicating that they felt as if they were touching the invisible light.
After a month of training, they learned to link the new sensation with the light sources and were able to find which one was switched on with 100 per cent accuracy. A monkey has since been taught to perform the same task.
The study demonstrates that a part of the brain which is designed to process one sense can interpret other types of sensory information, researchers said.
It means that in theory, someone who is blind because of damage to their visual cortex could regain their sight using an implant in another part of the brain.
Dr Nicolelis said: “What we did here was to demonstrate that we could create a new sense in rats by allowing them to “touch” infrared light that mammals cannot detect.
“The nerves were responding to both touch and infrared light at the same time. This shows that the adult brain can acquire new capabilities that have never been experienced by the animal before.
“This suggests that, in the future, you could use prosthetic devices to restore sensory modalities that have been lost, such as vision, using a different part of the brain.”
The study is part of an international effort to build a whole-body suit which allows paralysed people to walk again using their brain to control the device’s movement.
Infrared sensing could be built into the suit to inform the person inside about where their limbs are and to help them “feel” objects.
Dr Nicolelis and his collaborators on the project hope to unveil the “exoskeleton” at the opening ceremony of the football World Cup in Brazil in 2014.
Human Brain Project gets go-ahead, €1.19 billion over 10 years – 2013-01-28 12:00:00
The European Commission has announced the selection of the Human Brain Project (HBP) as one of two new flagship science projects. The project will last 10 years and is expected to cost €1.19 billion. Half of the funding will come from the European Commission itself, the other half will come from the EU member countries and participating institutions. Around 80 institutions are involved. Together they will attempt to model the human brain and build a biologically-realistic simulation of it within a supercomputer. The project will start around September 2013 and full brain simulations are targeted for 2023.
Ray Kurzweil joins Google as a research director – 2012-12-15 12:00:00
Ray Kurzweil announced yesterday that he’s joining Google as a research director. He will work full time at the Google HQ in California. His work will focus on machine learning and language processing. Last month Kuzweil published a book titled How to Create a Mind. In turn, Google’s long-term aim is to build a machine that is AI complete. So it makes perfect sense that Kuzweil and Google should team up.
Spaun – world’s largest functional brain model – 2012-11-29 12:00:00
Spaun is a simulated brain that contains 2.5 million neurons. This is far fewer than the 86 billion in the human brain, but enough to recognize lists of numbers, do simple arithmetic, and solve reasoning problems. The system is biologically realistic in its simulation of spiking neurons and neurotransmitters. As a result, it reproduces many quirks of human behaviour, such as the tendency to remember items at the start and end of a list better than those in the middle.
IBM simulation of 530 billion neurons and 137 trillion synapses – 2012-11-14 12:00:00
Using 96 Blue Gene/Q racks of the LLNL Sequoia supercomputer (1,572,864 processor cores, 1.5 PB memory), IBM and LBNL achieved a simulation of 2 billion neurosynaptic cores. This simulation contained an unprecedented 530 billion neurons and 137 trillion synapses running only 1542x slower than real time. The attached image represents the simulated network of pathways between neuron clusters in macaque monkey brain.
Blue Brain Project – Year Three documentary video published – 2012-11-13 17:35:00
The third part of Noah Hutton’s excellent documentary about the Blue Brain Project was released today. This is a ten-part film, with one part being released every year. It follows the project team as they attempt to build a complete simulation of the human brain within a supercomputer. All parts can be viewed on the website: bluebrainfilm.com
Ray Kurzweil’s new book published: How to Create a Mind – 2012-11-13 13:40:00
This is a probably a must-read for anyone interested in how artificial general intelligence will be achieved. His basic premise is that the brain contains no hidden secrets and that the creation of sentient machines will follow from re-engineering the brain in non-biological form. Kurzweil estimates that the human neocortex contains 300 million pattern processors linked horizontally and vertically. He claims it is these processors, rather than the neurons of which they are composed, that are the fundamental units of the brain. Near-future computer technology could build a synthetic brain containing well beyond “a mere 300 million” processors, and instead as many as a billion or a trillion. Website: howtocreateamind.com
Brain simulations and the new TOP500 supercomputer list – 2012-11-13 12:00:00
Twice a year a list of world’s the top 500 supercomputers is released. Today the list was updated and the new Titan supercomputer in the US took top slot at 17.59 petaflops. Rising to 5th place, with 4.141 petaflops, is the JuQUEEN machine in Jülich, Germany. If the Human Brain Project is successful in securing EU funding in January 2013 then the brain simulations will be run on JuQUEEN. This machine is now around 100x more powerful than the supercomputer currently used by the Blue Brain Project in Lausanne, Switzerland. JuQUEEN (pictured here) should be powerful enough to simulate all 100 million neurons of a mouse brain.
Google publish a neural network research paper – 2012-06-26 12:00:00
Google announce they have built a 9-layer neural network that can learn to detect faces using only unlabeled images. The model has 1 billion connections and the dataset has 10 million 200×200 pixel images randomly downloaded from the internet. It was trained on a cluster of 1,000 machines (16,000 cores) for three days.
Brain simulations and the new TOP500 supercomputer list – 2012-06-18 12:00:00
The list of the world’s top 500 supercomputers was updated today. At 8th place, with 1.38 petaflops, was the new JuQUEEN machine in Jülich, Germany. If the Human Brain Project is successful in securing EU funding in coming months then it’s likely that brain simulations will be run on JuQUEEN. This machine should be powerful enough to simulate all 100 million neurons of a mouse brain.
BrainScaleS neuromorphic processors – new demo video – 2012-05-31 12:00:00
This ten-minute video tour released last week shows the recently fully assembled BrainScaleS machine. We get a close look at the neuromorphic silicon wafer and all the supporting circuitry. There is then a demonstration of one artificial spiking neuron triggering the firing of a second neuron.
New video by IBM’s Brain Lab – 2012-05-30 12:00:00
This five-minute video released today gives some insight into IBM Research’s efforts to help shape the new age of cognitive computing. Project manager Dharmendra Modha gives us a quick tour of the Almaden lab in California and demonstrates some of the results to date. We see the so-called ‘brain wall’ which visualises 64 million neurons, equal to the number in a rat cerebral cortex. We also see the neuromorphic processor recognising hand-written digits and learning to play a game of pong.
SpikeFun biological neural network simulator for PCs – version 0.70 released – 2012-05-17 12:00:00
SpikeFun is a large-scale, biologically-realistic, neural network simulator that runs on a standard Windows PC. It can simulate around 32k neurons and 1.8 million synapses at 0.25x real-time on a normal home computer. On a high-end PC simulations of 3 million neurons and 476 million synapses have been achieved, although these were at 0.001x slower than real-time. Today version 0.70 was released and is available for free download.
Larry Page is personally funding worm brain emulation research – 2012-04-18 12:00:00
David Dalrymple, a neuroscientist at Harvard, recently gave a guest lecture at Marvin Minsky’s Society of Mind artificial intelligence class. David talked about his current research efforts to reverse engineer the C. elegans nervous system. During the Q&A session someone asked how the research is funded. To the surprise and amusement of the audience, David answered that it’s personally financed by Larry Page (CEO of Google). The research was also Larry’s idea.
Memristor-based artificial synapses built by HRL Labs – 2012-03-23 12:00:00
A press release from HRL Labs today says they have demonstrated the first functioning memristor array stacked on a conventional CMOS semiconductor circuit. They say this hybrid circuit is a critical advance in developing intelligent machines. Ultimately the team plans to scale the neuromorphic chip to support millions of neurons and billions of artificial synapses. The paper, which was actually published in December, is titled: “A functional hybrid memristor crossbar-array/CMOS system for data storage and neuromorphic applications”. The research is funded by the DARPA SyNAPSE program.
Web-based “Worm Brain/Body Browser” released – 2012-03-21 12:00:00
OpenWorm is an attempt to build a complete cellular-level simulation of the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans. Of the 959 cells in the hermaphrodite, 302 are neurons and 95 are muscles. The simulation will model neuromuscular electrical activity as well as physical forces within the worm and from its environment. The project is treated a first step towards simulating whole biological systems including, ultimately, the human brain.
Digital brain in the works at Qualcomm – 2012-02-15 12:00:00
Paul Jacobs, the CEO of Qualcomm, reveals an interesting update: “The team started out building a retina. They found it responded to optical illusions the same way a human does. They added another layer of cells and it started to find features. They added another layer, it started to find corners and oriented lines. Another layer, it started to find patterns. Today it tracks objects. It’s not programmed, it’s taught.”
Artificial Brains: Not in this century – 2012-02-04 12:00:00
this skeptical article was published yesterday by cognitive scientist Mark Changizi. One of his arguments is that we still don’t understand the tiny nervous system of the Caenorhabditis elegans roundworm. If the functioning of these 302 neurons is beyond our grasp, even after decades of study, then we’ve no hope of soon understanding the many billions of neurons in a mammalian brain.
BrainScaleS machine shows its first spiking neural activity – 2012-01-24 12:00:00
BrainScaleS is a European research project that is building neuromorphic hardware using wafer-scale integration. One wafer is designed to simulate ~50 million synapses, or up to 200,000 neurons. The wafer was delivered to Germany from the fab in Taiwan late 2011. Last week in the lab it displayed its first spiking neural activity. The wafer can be seen in the photo, encased behind an octagonal aluminium plate.
Human Brain Project now half-way through the one-year pilot phase – 2012-01-03 12:00:00
The proceedings of the 2nd European Future Technologies Conference and Exhibition were published online today. This conference marked the half-way point in the one-year pilot phase of the Human Brain Project (HBP). In the second half of 2012 the European Union will decide, via the FET Flagships program, whether to award .1 billion in funding for the project. If awarded, the HBP will become a ten-year attempt (2013 to 2023) to build a complete simulation of the human brain within a supercomputer.
Google X Lab has built an artificially intelligent robot – 2011-12-05 12:00:00
Someone claimed today that Google has developed a robot that can pass the Turing Test 93% of the time. The claim was posted anonymously to reddit.com by a supposed former Google X Lab employee. The posting is most likely a hoax, but interesting reading nevertheless. It possibly contains some elements of truth, although we don’t know which elements.
Silicon synapse built at MIT – 2011-11-19 12:00:00
Today researchers at MIT announced they have built a silicon synapse that models the ion channels in a single biological synapse. It contains ~400 transistors and operates using analog current, not digital. They plan to use the chip to investigate how biological synapses are strengthened and weakened, and to build larger systems that model neural functions such as the visual system. See the news article and the research paper.
Video presentation of the Human Brain Project – 2011-11-16 12:00:00
Newly released video presention of the Human Brain Project given by project founder Henry Markram on November 2, 2011 in San Francisco. Skip to chapter 8 of the video if you’re only interested in Markram’s part of the talk. He also talks with neuroscientist David Eagleman about whether a brain simulation would be truly self-aware.
Scientific papers describing IBM’s neurosynaptic core – 2011-10-07 12:00:00
Scientific papers describing IBM’s neurosynaptic core were published online yesterday. These cores implement 256 digital integrate-and-fire neurons and a 1024×256 bit memory for synapses. They use IBM’s 45nm SOI process. The chips are anticipated to become a key building block of a modular neuromorphic architecture.
Part two of the Blue Brain Project documentary video – 2011-08-22 12:00:00
Noah Hutton published part two of his video documentary about the Blue Brain Project today. It’s a nice clip and it’s great to get an update on the project’s progress. We meet the people involved and have a good look around their laboratory.
By Barry Neild, CNN
updated 9:13 AM EDT, Fri October 12, 2012 |
(CNN) — There’s no escaping the fact that the Human Brain Project, with its billion-dollar plan to recreate the human mind inside a supercomputer, sounds like a science fiction nightmare.
But those involved hope their ambitious goal of simulating the tangle of neurons and synapses that power our thought processes could offer solutions to tackling conditions such as depression, Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s.
The Human Brain venture is the next step in a long-running program that has already succeeded in using computers to create a virtual replica of part of a rat’s neocortex — a section of the brain believed to control higher functions such as conscious thought, movement and reasoning.
Scientists at its forerunner, the Switzerland-based Blue Brain Project, have been working since 2005 to feed a computer with vast quantities of data and algorithms produced from studying tiny slivers of rodent gray matter.
Last month they announced a significant advancement when they were able to use their simulator to accurately predict the location of synapses in the neocortex, effectively mapping out the complex electrical brain circuitry through which thoughts travel.
Henry Markram, the South African-born neuroscientist who heads the project, said the breakthrough would have taken “decades, if not centuries” to chart using a real neocortex. He said it was proof their concept, dubbed “brain in a box” by Nature magazine, would work.
Now the team are joining forces with other scientists to create the Human Brain Project. As its name suggests, they aim to scale up their model to recreate an entire human brain.
It is a step that will need both a huge increase in funding and access to computers so advanced that they have yet to be built.
If their current bid for €1 billion ($1.3 billion) of European Commission funding over the next 10 years is successful, Markram predicts that his computer neuroscientists are a decade away from producing a synthetic mind that could, in theory, talk and interact in the same way humans do.
His bold claims have inevitably fueled comparisons to doom-laden popular fiction in which conscious machines turn on their creators and wreak havoc.
The project’s scientists have been referred to as “team Frankenstein” and their computer likened to “Skynet,” the virtual intelligence that unleashes a robot war on humanity in the “Terminator” films.
Sean Hill, a senior computational neuroscientist on the project, laughs at such comparisons.
He says the computer will primarily become a repository for knowledge about the brain that will allow scientists to conduct experiments without the need to probe inside people’s skulls.
“This is a tool for research, not a giant simulated brain that is going to rule the world,” he said.
“Right now, we’re in a crisis in neuroscience. There’s a lot of wonderful data being gathered but we don’t have a place where we can put those experimental results together and understand their implications.
“The benefit of having this facility is you have a place to integrate the data into a model where you can test predictions and start to learn principles of how the brain operates.”
The computing power needed to build the model is phenomenal. Simply to replicate one of the 10,000 neuron brain cells involved in the rat experiment took the processing capacity usually found in a single laptop. To simulate a fully functioning human brain, it would take billions.
Hill says that such computational power — known as exascale — will be available by the end of the decade. The Human Brain Project’s scientists are hoping to work with supercomputer developers to ensure future machines match their requirements.
But, even as the team touts its experiments as a possible solution to the brain diseases that affect about two billion people worldwide, they have attracted critics who say their work is far too broad in scope to achieve usable results.
Professor Terry Sejnowski, head of the Computational Neurobiology Laboratory at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in San Diego, has been quoted as saying the Blue Brain project is “bound to fail.”
He told CNN via email that “progress is being made but there is still a long way to go before we will understand the computational capabilities of cortical circuits.”
He added: “We are just beginning to appreciate how complex our brains are, far beyond any other device in the known universe.”
Sean Hill said the team hoped it was answering skeptics with its achievements so far.
“It’s just a matter of keeping on doing it. Let’s keep improving these tools and open them up so that many scientists are engaged and collaborating and using it as common point to bring the data together,” he said.
“The only way to address the critics is to keep working, showing the positive results and do the best we can — and that is starting to happen.”
The accelerating pace of change and exponential growth in computing power will lead to the Singularity.
On Feb. 15, 1965, a diffident but self-possessed high school student named Raymond Kurzweil appeared as a guest on a game show called I’ve Got a Secret. He was introduced by the host, Steve Allen, then he played a short musical composition on a piano. The idea was that Kurzweil was hiding an unusual fact and the panelists — they included a comedian and a former Miss America — had to guess what it was.
On the show (see the clip on YouTube), the beauty queen did a good job of grilling Kurzweil, but the comedian got the win: the music was composed by a computer. Kurzweil got $200.
Kurzweil then demonstrated the computer, which he built himself — a desk-size affair with loudly clacking relays, hooked up to a typewriter. The panelists were pretty blasé about it; they were more impressed by Kurzweil’s age than by anything he’d actually done. They were ready to move on to Mrs. Chester Loney of Rough and Ready, Calif., whose secret was that she’d been President Lyndon Johnson’s first-grade teacher.
But Kurzweil would spend much of the rest of his career working out what his demonstration meant. Creating a work of art is one of those activities we reserve for humans and humans only. It’s an act of self-expression; you’re not supposed to be able to do it if you don’t have a self. To see creativity, the exclusive domain of humans, usurped by a computer built by a 17-year-old is to watch a line blur that cannot be unblurred, the line between organic intelligence and artificial intelligence.
That was Kurzweil’s real secret, and back in 1965 nobody guessed it. Maybe not even him, not yet. But now, 46 years later, Kurzweil believes that we’re approaching a moment when computers will become intelligent, and not just intelligent but more intelligent than humans. When that happens, humanity — our bodies, our minds, our civilization — will be completely and irreversibly transformed. He believes that this moment is not only inevitable but imminent. According to his calculations, the end of human civilization as we know it is about 35 years away.
Computers are getting faster. Everybody knows that. Also, computers are getting faster faster — that is, the rate at which they’re getting faster is increasing.
So if computers are getting so much faster, so incredibly fast, there might conceivably come a moment when they are capable of something comparable to human intelligence. Artificial intelligence. All that horsepower could be put in the service of emulating whatever it is our brains are doing when they create consciousness — not just doing arithmetic very quickly or composing piano music but also driving cars, writing books, making ethical decisions, appreciating fancy paintings, making witty observations at cocktail parties.
If you can swallow that idea, and Kurzweil and a lot of other very smart people can, then all bets are off. From that point on, there’s no reason to think computers would stop getting more powerful. They would keep on developing until they were far more intelligent than we are. Their rate of development would also continue to increase, because they would take over their own development from their slower-thinking human creators. Imagine a computer scientist that was itself a super-intelligent computer. It would work incredibly quickly. It could draw on huge amounts of data effortlessly. It wouldn’t even take breaks to play Farmville.
Probably. It’s impossible to predict the behavior of these smarter-than-human intelligences with which (with whom?) we might one day share the planet, because if you could, you’d be as smart as they would be. But there are a lot of theories about it. Maybe we’ll merge with them to become super-intelligent cyborgs, using computers to extend our intellectual abilities the same way that cars and planes extend our physical abilities. Maybe the artificial intelligences will help us treat the effects of old age and prolong our life spans indefinitely. Maybe we’ll scan our consciousnesses into computers and live inside them as software, forever, virtually. Maybe the computers will turn on humanity and annihilate us. The one thing all these theories have in common is the transformation of our species into something that is no longer recognizable as such to humanity circa 2011. This transformation has a name: the Singularity.
The difficult thing to keep sight of when you’re talking about the Singularity is that even though it sounds like science fiction, it isn’t, no more than a weather forecast is science fiction. It’s not a fringe idea; it’s a serious hypothesis about the future of life on Earth. There’s an intellectual gag reflex that kicks in anytime you try to swallow an idea that involves super-intelligent immortal cyborgs, but suppress it if you can, because while the Singularity appears to be, on the face of it, preposterous, it’s an idea that rewards sober, careful evaluation.
Magnus Olsson is blowing our mind away in the speech he held in Stockholm, Sweden, in September 2012. Seven years ago, Magnus became a victim of non-consensual experimentation after having visited a hospital. He was sedated and when he woke up; he couldn’t recognize himself. His personality had changed.
On his own homepage (mindcontrol.se) he explains some years ago:
“For me, there was a day in life when everything changed. I went from a life as a citizen in a demo map indicative country into a world where violence and torture was the norm. It was not a journey across continents, but in life circumstances. It also included a science fiction drama that completely shattered my life. My name is Magnus Olsson; I am 38 years old, studied economics at the Cesar Ritz in Switzerland, American University of Paris and Harvard, Boston, USA, during the years 1988-1991. 1994 I started the company Jon Sandman who became a well-known brand in the bedding industry.
I managed with my life and had also met a wonderful woman whom I had two children with. They are now 13 to 16 years old. But all this harmony and success came to a sudden end. It happened five and a half years ago. After that, life has been about a constant struggle for survival. In order to cope with but also to be able to tell what has happened to me and get out of the nightmare.”
Magnus Olsson used to be a very successful businessman. Not only is Magnus highly educated, but he also had a very successful career: as an entrepreneur, stockbroker and businessman.
A visit in the hospital was all it was necessary to gradually take everything away; almost overnight.
Magnus begins his speech telling the audience “Welcome to the Future” and it’s a very good way to start what he’s going to say next. He also chooses to quote Gerald McGuire and Ellen McGee that several times published scientific papers requiring some type of regulation of implantable devices. Even though they’re been developed since the 1940s-1960s, and even though they’re such a huge area of research right now, as we speak, if you ever mention them in health care, the staff will claim that they don’t even exist. No physical examination is usually made, and there is no explanation to why victims are in so much pain in very specific areas of their bodies.
Magnus Olsson also took part in the scanning process conducted by icaact.org and he had the strongest emissions ever encountered among victims, around he’s whole head. When asked what he thought about his emissions, he stated:
“I hope that we can use these measurements to prove our cases” and sadly he also mentioned how terrible it was. He also stated right after the scanning process that actually experiencing the scanning for RF-emissions and getting so strong emissions over his whole head, also made him extremely sad. Imagine having someone do that to you; to your children; to a loved one.
Magnus has researched all aspects of the supercomputer systems based on transmissions from implants in the human body. He elaborates on the Artificial Intelligence research done today and what it’ll mean for humanity in the future. He understands that this technology can be used in good ways but unfortunately, if unregulated, it can lead to the real Orwellian “thought police” state.
He explores the possibility of using different avatars or agents, to assist people in their daily life and the developments of virtual worlds where people can enter as a third type of reality, apart from awaken state and the dream state. He talks about the NSAs supercomputer called “Mr. Computer” that has the ability to make its own decisions and the development of the new quantum computer, which is supposed to “marry” the old-fashioned Mr. Computer.
As interesting and fascinated his speech is, it’s easy to get lost in the new emerging world view that Magnus creates for a while. It’s tempered by the experiences he has, the immense 24/7 torture, the lack of privacy, the lost freedom of the mind and the necessity to cope with something that no human being should have to cope with: the most grotesques aspects of life.